Trelleborg offers a wide variety of substrates – from Kevlar® to silk – providing a myriad of possibilities to expertly pair material properties to customers’ specific applications needs. Our substrates can be knitted, woven or non-woven depending on the specific performance attributes required for a given application. See below for a few of our more common substrates.
||Substrate / Fiber Characteristics||Common Substrate / Fiber Uses
||Tensile strength (MPa)
||Elongation at beak (%)
• High strength-to weight, high tenacity and high modulus.
Flame-resistant clothing, protective vests and helmets, composites, asbestos replacement, hot air filtration fabrics, tire and mechanical rubber goods reinforcement, ropes and cables, sail cloth, sporting goods.
||• High strength and modulus, low weight.
• Heat and flame resistant.
• Impact resistance.
• Can be mixed with other materials.
|Sport goods, aeronautic and space materials, automotive materials, wind generator blades.||3400||1.4||1.80|
||• Natural cellulosic fiber.
•Good abrasion resistance.
• Good adhesion to rubber compounds.
• Excellent resistance to alkalisbut degrades in hot acids
|Industrial products, latex glove, lining, printing blankets, filler/strengthening agent for rubber compounds, colorant fibers for paper and plastic, construction joint tapes, flocking and medical.
||• High tensile strength, excellent resistance to heat, and flame resistance.
• Doesn't absorp water and is resistant to acid and other chemical agents.
|Insulators and heat-insulating materials, washing machines, refrigerators, reinforced plastic, building materials, etc.
||• Strong synthetic fibre, elastic and abrasion resistant.
• Does not absorb water, resist stains.
• Absorbs oil and grease.
•Melts at high temperatures.
|Tire cord, hoses, conveyer and seat belts, parachutes, racket strings, ropes and nets, sleeping bags, tarpaulins, tents, gaskets and seals.
||• The most important synthetic fiber, strong, resistant to stretching, shrinking, abrasion and most chemicals.
• Do not absorb water, but absorbs oil and grease.
• Melts at high temperatures.
|Hoses, power belting, ropes and nets, thread, tire cord, auto upholstery, sails, floppy disk liners, and fiberfill for various products including furniture and high performance outdoor wear.
||• The fiber is sold as artificial silk,
• A disadvantage is that is loses its strength when wet
• Poor resistance to abrasion, expensive, and stretches and shrinks more than cotton.
|Industrial products, hoses, medical surgical products, nonwoven products, tire cord.
||• Natural fiber, created by the silk worm.
• Thinnest of all natural fibers, fair abrasion resistance, poor resistance to sunlight.
|Gaskets and seals, mostly used in apparel and home fashion.
||•High tenacity and low elongation at break.
• Electrical conductive and thermal resistant.
|Industrial products, tire cord and hoses, conveyor belts.