Number of employees at year-end
Including insourced staff and temporary employees
Return on shareholders’ equity
Profit for the period, attributable to shareholders of the Parent Company, excluding items affecting comparability, net after tax, divided by average equity, excluding non-controlling interests.
Return on capital employed (ROCE)
Operating profit divided by the average capital employed.
Operating profit excluding depreciation/amortization and impairment of PPE and intangibleassets, excluding items affecting comparability.
EBITDA/Net interest income/expense
EBITDA divided by net interest income/expense (interest income less interest expenses).
EBITDA excluding profit from participations in joint ventures/associated companies as a percentage of net sales.
Rate of capital turnover
Net sales as a percentage of average capital employed.
Cash conversion ratio
Operating cash flow as a percentage of operating profit, excluding items affecting comparability.
Average number of employees
Average number of employees during the year based on hours worked. Excluding insourced staff.
Net debt divided by EBITDA.
Operating cash flow
EBITDA excluding non-cash items, capital expenditures, divested PPE and changes in working capital. The key figure excludes cash flow from restructuring.
Operating cash flow per share
Operating cash flow divided by the average number of shares outstanding.
Earnings per share
Profit for the period, attributable to shareholders of the Parent Company, excluding items affecting comparability net after tax, divided by the average number of shares outstanding.
Operating profit as stated in the income statement excluding items affecting comparability.
Operating margin (ROS – Return On Sales)
Operating profit as a percentage of net sales.
Total assets less interest-bearing investments and noninterest-bearing operating liabilities (including pension liabilities) and excluding tax assets and tax liabilities.
Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, Spain, the U.K.
Associated companies and joint ventures in the Group are recognized in line with the equity method, implying that the initial participation is changed to reflect the Group’s share in the company’s profit or loss and for any dividends.
*) for continuing operations.